Role of Nanotechnology in Assisting Health Care Treatment: A Review of Technologies
Nanotechnology is known as the science of “tiny” scales and it has very impactful outcomes for applications in materials, the environment, health care, and energy, among other significant fields. In particular, it has a wide range of applications within the healthcare field including diagnosis and treatment of early-stage cancer and other diseases. In addition, nanoparticles offer numerous advantages in drug delivery systems. For example, nanoparticles are used in novel approaches for drug delivery which can achieve better therapeutic action, bioavailability, and reduce toxicity. In this contribution, technologies developed to assist with the treatment of healthcare-related illness will be classified and a brief description of the approach associated with the technology will be presented. Potential research gaps for advancing the technology and/or improving its efficiency will also be highlighted.